Taiwanese cuisine naturally draws a lot of influence from traditional Chinese food – particularly the central and southern provinces of the mainland – but also the native culture and the Japanese forces introduced to the island during the 50 years of Japanese rule. The result is a collection of unique flavours, unusual concoctions and creative inventions.
Many of the dishes in our list of the best local food in Taipei are incredibly simple. They involve very few ingredients and are quick and easy to prepare, though some of those ingredients are a little unusual. Despite this, several of them are very highly thought of and have, in some cases, formed the backbone of international brands spreading right across Southeast Asia and the world. Most of them can be found for as little as NT$50 or 60, although gourmet versions can be as much as NT$10,000.
Beef Noodle Soup
Beef Noodle Soup (or New Rou Mian) is so prevalent in Taipei that it has a festival in its honour every year. As a result, the range of places selling this tasty dish is comprehensive, with each claiming to be the best.
The meal itself is effortless – thick-cut wheat or flour noodles with tender cuts of beef in a thick beef broth. In the original version, there are no herbs or spices added – just a few bits of cabbage for an extra taste and texture – which makes it practically unique among Chinese food. Many of the street stalls selling this hearty dish add a dollop of chilli butter to spice things up.
Xiao Long Bao
The signature dish of the renowned Din Tai Fung restaurant chain, these bite-sized dumplings have paper-thin wrappings around tender pork meatballs in a rich, hot broth. Despite its simplicity, it is extremely popular with locals and tourists alike for its great flavour and has carried the Taipei-based restaurant to international acclaim.
It’d be unfair to say that one has visited Taiwan if one didn’t try one – be careful not to eat them too quickly.
An excellent souvenir to take home to your friends and family, these sweet, fruity delights are made from the fresh pineapples of the Bagua Mountains in Taiwan. They’re turned into a creamy jam filling, which is presented in a slightly buttery pastry to create these moreish little cuboid cakes. The best of these are the gourmet offerings of Sunny Hills and are appropriately named “Sunny Delights”.
Stinky Tofu is a very divisive Taiwanese snack: you either love it or hate it, and the strength of your sense of smell will probably have a lot to do with which. It consists of a deep-fried cube of bean curd which has fermented in a vegetable, shellfish, milk or meat brine. It is served coated in a sweet and spicy sauce and offers a tasty mix of textures, from the crispy casing to the soft filling. Popular with tourists as a dare and with locals as a snack, stinky Tofu can be very easily found in most of the Taipei night markets.
Chicken’s Feet is not a fanciful description – it is precisely what it sounds like. Remarkably, this slightly gelatinous and fatty treat is so popular and common in Taipei that it is even sold in the cinemas as an alternative to popcorn! They can be a little fiddly to eat, and there is not much meat on each foot, but they are available in a choice of preparations (just like popcorn is) and make a refreshing, novel and tasty snack, as well as a fun addition to your Instagram feed.
Mango Shaved Ice
A perfect treat for those hot and sticky summer days in Taipei, Chinese shaved ice is an adaptation of the Philippines’ halo-halo. Baobing, as it is known locally, uses fruit (mango is a favorite, but strawberry and melon are common, too) mixed with ice and condensed milk to create a popular thirst-quenching dessert. Baobing is sometimes also called a shaved ice mountain due to the enormous servings which, with milk, fruit juices and melting ice streaming down the sides, make it look like an erupting volcano.
A very gooey, chewy snack which is commonly found in Taipei’s night markets, the oyster omelettes are particularly popular among tourists visiting the city. The primary ingredient is the small oysters found around Taiwan’s coastline. They are folded into an omelette made with a dose of sweet potato starch added, making it thicker and chewier than normal. It is usually served with a savoury sauce, sometimes with an added kick of chilli to spice up the snack.
Pig’s Blood Cake
A Taiwanese variant of the European ‘blood pudding’, this is exactly what it sounds like. To be precise, it is a glutinous mix of pig’s blood and sticky rice, which is steamed and then coated in a layer of peanut powder. It is served like a lollipop and is a favourite snack for those walking around Taipei’s night markets. If you are not too squeamish to try it, you’ll find it to be a chewy treat with a salty, spicy and sweet flavour.
Gua Bao is sometimes described as Taiwan’s answer to the American hamburger. This popular market snack looks very similar, but the sesame seed-covered bap is swapped for a steamed bun, and the beef patty is replaced with braised pork belly, pickled Chinese cabbage and powdered peanuts. The flavour is a lot more diverse, as a result, including salty, sour and sweet notes. You still get the satisfying sensation of grease running down your chin, though. Just like a hamburger, Gua Bao is a real diet-breaker!
Braised Pork on Rice
Lurou Fan is a very popular dish in Taipei and, like many such dishes, it’s both remarkably simple and extremely tasty. It consists of finely-chopped pork belly that’s been slow-cooked in soy sauce and Chinese spice. This is spooned on top of rice, which soaks up all the fat and the flavourful sauce. It makes a really mouth-watering comfort food, with a slightly sweet and salty flavour. As simple as this may seem, the debate about whether it originated from Shandong Province in mainland China or from Taipei is one which even the city authorities are involved in.